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50天内开5次会,哪个行业让发改委如此揪心?

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年06月20日 01:53:25
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彩天下开户注册平台直招龙虎代理客服QQ【3512280158】诚招代理龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯分分彩,5分,10分彩,最高返水100反9快,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台平台24h提供注册及登录。50天内开5次会,哪个行业让发改委如此揪心?

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(短)(期)(来)(看)(,煤)(价)(还)(会)(上)(涨)(。五)(矿)(期)(货)(分)(析)(师)(魏)(松)(辉)(表)(示)(,随)(着)(国)(内)(气)(温)(不)(断)(下)(降)(,煤)(炭)(需)(求)(大)(增)(,这)(对)(煤)(炭)(价)(格)(利)(好)(。同)(时)(冬)(储)(煤)(行)(情)(启)(动)(,电)(厂)(已)(经)(开)(始)(补)(库)(,今)(年)(冷)(冬)(概)(率)(偏)(大)(,需)(求)(11月)(份)(之)(后)(将)(环)(比)(有)(明)(显)(上)(升)(。
10月)(25日)(发)(布)(会)(上)(,发)(改)(委)(副)(秘)(书)(长)(许)(昆)(林)(表)(示)(:“中)(长)(期)(看)(,随)(着)(能)(源)(消)(费)(强)(度)(的)(不)(断)(回)(落)(和)(可)(再)(生)(能)(源)(、清)(洁)(能)(源)(的)(快)(速)(发)(展)(,煤)(炭)(市)(场)(需)(求)(很)(难)(有)(绝)(对)(增)(长)(的)(空)(间)(,预)(计)(2020年)(煤)(炭)(消)(费)(量)(至)(多)(41亿)(吨)(,即)(使)(考)(虑)(去)(产)(能)(和)(减)(量)(化)(生)(产)(的)(因)(素)(,到)(时)(全)(国)(煤)(炭)(产)(能)(仍)(然)(有)(46亿)(吨)(左)(右)(,煤)(炭)(产)(能)(大)(于)(需)(求)(的)(基)(本)(面)(不)(会)(根)(本)(改)(变)(,煤)(炭)(产)(业)(结)(构)(调)(整)(和)(优)(化)(升)(级)(的)(任)(务)(依)(然)(艰)(巨)(。”
我)(们)(到)(底)(使)(用)(了)(多)(少)(煤)(
2004-2013年)(10年)(间)(,中)(国)(单)(位)(GDP能)(耗)((单)(位)(:吨)(标)(准)(煤)(/亿)(元)()依)(次)(为)(:1.335、1.276、1.196、1.055、0.928、0.900、0.809、0.736、0.696、0.695,呈)(现)(出)(明)(显)(的)(逐)(步)(下)(降)(趋)(势)(,但)(与)(美)(国)(、日)(本)(等)(发)(达)(国)(家)(相)(比)(仍)(然)(很)(高)(。此)(外)(,中)(国)(的)(钢)(材)(、水)(泥)(消)(耗)(总)(量)(均)(在)(全)(球)(前)(三)(位)(,且)(生)(产)(中)(单)(位)(GDP能)(耗)(均)(高)(于)(发)(达)(国)(家)(数)(倍)(之)(上)(。目)(前)(我)(国)(电)(力)(、钢)(铁)(、有)(色)(、石)(化)(、建)(材)(、化)(工)(、轻)(工)(和)(纺)(织)(8个)(行)(业)(主)(要)(产)(品)(单)(位)(能)(耗)(平)(均)(比)(国)(际)(先)(进)(水)(平)(高)(40%;钢)(、水)(泥)(和)(纸)(板)(的)(单)(位)(产)(品)(综)(合)(能)(耗)(比)(国)(际)(先)(进)(水)(平)(分)(别)(高)(21%、45%和)(12%。
中)(国)(基)(础)(能)(源)(种)(类)(主)(要)(包)(括)(煤)(炭)(、焦)(炭)(、原)(油)(、汽)(油)(、柴)(油)(、煤)(油)(、燃)(料)(油)(、液)(化)(石)(油)(气)(、天)(然)(气)(、电)(力)(等)(。尽)(管)(能)(源)(种)(类)(繁)(多)(,但)(是)(中)(国)(基)(础)(能)(源)(仍)(然)(突)(出)(地)(“以)(煤)(为)(主)(”,可)(以)(从)(以)(下)(几)(方)(面)(加)(以)(描)(述)(。
第)(一)(,总)(量)(——所)(占)(比)(重)(最)(大)(。2004—2013年)(10年)(间)(,煤)(炭)(消)(费)(总)(量)(上)(升)(了)(66.83%,煤)(炭)(消)(费)(总)(量)(占)(能)(源)(消)(费)(总)(量)(之)(比)(仅)(从)(0.695∶1轻)(微)(下)(降)(至)(0.66∶1,仍)(有)(2/3的)(分)(量)(。
第)(二)(,进)(口)(——攀)(升)(速)(率)(最)(快)(。2012年)(,原)(油)(进)(口)(量)(为)(27103万)(吨)(,而)(煤)(炭)(进)(口)(量)(则)(为)(28841万)(吨)(,已)(超)(过)(原)(油)(成)(为)(中)(国)(进)(口)(的)(第)(一)(大)(能)(源)(;从)(相)(对)(值)(来)(看)(,2012年)(煤)(炭)(进)(口)(量)(为)(28841万)(吨)(,约)(为)(2004年)(煤)(炭)(进)(口)(量)(1861万)(吨)(的)(15.5倍)(,远)(超)(同)(期)(其)(他)(能)(源)(进)(口)(的)(增)(长)(速)(率)(。
第)(三)(,结)(构)(——以)(发)(电)(消)(费)(为)(首)(。工)(业)(煤)(炭)(消)(费)(总)(量)(在)(煤)(炭)(消)(费)(总)(量)(中)(占)(比)(最)(高)(,历)(年)(来)(所)(占)(比)(重)(都)(在)(90%以)(上)(,并)(且)(呈)(现)(逐)(年)(攀)(升)(趋)(势)(,2011年)(和)(2012年)(,这)(一)(比)(重)(甚)(至)(已)(经)(超)(过)(95%。在)(工)(业)(煤)(炭)(中)(间)(消)(费)(中)(,占)(据)(消)(费)(用)(途)(前)(三)(位)(的)(依)(次)(为)(:发)(电)(中)(间)(消)(费)(煤)(、炼)(焦)(中)(间)(消)(费)(煤)(和)(供)(热)(中)(间)(消)(费)(煤)(。2004—2012年)(,我)(国)(全)(部)(电)(力)(生)(产)(中)(,火)(电)(生)(产)(量)(占)(比)(为)(83.0%~78.1%。
总)(之)(,在)(中)(国)(基)(本)(国)(情)(下)(,本)(土)(资)(源)(储)(量)(、可)(用)(量)(决)(定)(的)(“资)(源)(禀)(赋)(结)(构)(”中)(,最)(主)(要)(的)(能)(源)(产)(品)(是)(煤)(,以)(及)(依)(仗)(“从)(煤)(到)(电)(”的)(具)(有)(“经)(济)(命)(脉)(”性)(质)(的)(能)(源)(供)(应)(链)(。在)(可)(预)(见)(的)(一)(个)(相)(当)(长)(的)(时)(间)(段)(内)(,中)(国)(的)(基)(础)(能)(源)(供)(应)(“以)(煤)(为)(主)(”,仍)(将)(是)(难)(以)(改)(变)(的)(基)(本)(现)(实)(。而)(众)(所)(周)(知)(,煤)(的)(开)(发)(、使)(用)(全)(过)(程)(对)(于)(环)(境)(、生)(态)(和)(社)(会)(的)(压)(力)(是)(显)(然)(大)(于)(、高)(于)(原)(油)(和)(天)(然)(气)(等)(品)(类)(的)(,更)(不)(用)(说)(风)(电)(、太)(阳)(能)(电)(等)(可)(再)(生)(能)(源)(。且)(不)(提)(煤)(炭)(采)(掘)(中)(的)(安)(全)(事)(故)(问)(题)(,仅)(从)(采)(掘)(后)(的)(地)(层)(塌)(陷)(、环)(境)(修)(复)(问)(题)(、运)(煤)(过)(程)(的)(洒)(漏)(与)(相)(关)(粉)(尘)(问)(题)(,特)(别)(是)(烧)(煤)((包)(括)(火)(电)(、炼)(焦)(等)()废)(气)(排)(放)(所)(带)(来)(的)(大)(气)(污)(染)(、雾)(霾)(肆)(虐)(问)(题)(,都)(尤)(为)(棘)(手)(。这)(一)(点)(事)(关)(我)(国)(能)(源)(、环)(境)(问)(题)(的)(特)(殊)(严)(峻)(性)(。
为)(何)(摆)(脱)(不)(了)(以)(煤)(为)(主)(?
中)(国)(煤)(炭)(消)(费)(有)(90%以)(上)(集)(中)(在)(工)(业)(,而)(工)(业)(煤)(炭)(消)(费)(则)(主)(要)(分)(布)(于)(发)(电)(、炼)(焦)(和)(供)(暖)(,其)(中)(,由)(于)(炼)(焦)(只)(能)(用)(煤)(,所)(以)(不)(仅)(是)(“以)(煤)(为)(主)(”,而)(且)(是)(几)(乎)(百)(分)(之)(百)(地)(以)(煤)(为)(原)(料)(,可)(以)(说)(是)(煤)(炭)(能)(源)(通)(过)(炼)(焦)(这)(一)(环)(节)(而)(转)(换)(为)(其)(他)(能)(源)(名)(称)(。所)(以)(此)(处)(只)(需)(从)(发)(电)(和)(供)(暖)(两)(大)(角)(度)(、针)(对)(能)(源)(使)(用)(结)(构)(来)(讨)(论)(为)(何)(无)(法)(摆)(脱)(煤)(炭)(作)(为)(主)(力)(能)(源)(的)(现)(状)(。
从)(发)(电)(耗)(能)(的)(结)(构)(上)(来)(看)(,中)(国)(目)(前)(水)(力)(发)(电)(在)(全)(部)(发)(电)(产)(能)(中)(占)(比)(已)(远)(不)(足)(20%,核)(电)(占)(比)(低)(于)(3%,并)(且)(随)(着)(前)(一)(段)(时)(间)(国)(家)(已)(经)(明)(确)(基)(本)(不)(在)(沿)(海)(之)(外)(的)(地)(方)(布)(局)(建)(设)(核)(电)(站)(,核)(电)(的)(比)(重)(可)(能)(还)(将)(下)(降)(。
与)(此)(同)(时)(,可)(再)(生)(的)(风)(能)(、太)(阳)(能)(等)(清)(洁)(能)(源)(虽)(然)(已)(经)(在)(努)(力)(开)(发)(,风)(能)(发)(电)(近)(几)(年)(投)(入)(使)(用)(以)(来)(,其)(增)(长)(率)(也)(十)(分)(可)(观)(,但)(毕)(竟)(基)(数)(很)(低)(,从)(总)(体)(能)(源)(供)(应)(上)(来)(看)(都)(难)(挑)(大)(梁)(。在)(太)(阳)(能)(发)(电)(方)(面)(,局)(面)(更)(是)(几)(近)(荒)(唐)(:各)(地)(迅)(猛)(发)(展)(的)(光)(伏)(产)(业)(在)(消)(耗)(资)(源)(、造)(成)(一)(定)(污)(染)(、终)(于)(生)(产)(出)(可)(以)(产)(生)(清)(洁)(能)(源)(的)(光)(伏)(电)(池)(产)(品)(之)(后)(,若)(干)(年)(间)(98%以)(上)(只)(能)(走)(出)(口)(渠)(道)(,卖)(给)(环)(境)(比)(我)(们)(更)(清)(洁)(的)(外)(国)(人)(——直)(接)(原)(因)(是)(按)(照)(我)(国)(电)(力)(部)(门)(的)(体)(制)(机)(制)(,光)(伏)(电)(池)(无)(法)(入)(网)((其)(实)(并)(不)(存)(在)(技)(术)(攻)(关)(方)(面)(的)(“硬)(障)(碍)(”问)(题)(,而)(是)(直)(接)(涉)(及)(配)(套)(改)(革)(里)(面)(“啃)(硬)(骨)(头)(”触)(及)(既)(得)(利)(益)(的)(体)(制)(问)(题)()。
未)(来)(可)(预)(见)(的)(一)(个)(时)(期)(,我)(国)(水)(电)(、核)(电)(比)(重)(可)(能)(会)(继)(续)(下)(降)(,太)(阳)(能)(电)(、风)(电)(难)(挑)(大)(梁)(的)(局)(面)(亦)(无)(法)(根)(本)(改)(变)(,电)(力)(供)(应)(的)(重)(担)(大)(部)(分)(还)(是)(要)(落)(到)(煤)(炭)(支)(撑)(的)(火)(力)(发)(电)(上)(。
取)(暖)(方)(面)(摆)(脱)(不)(了)(煤)(炭)(为)(主)(,源)(于)(中)(国)(现)(阶)(段)(的)(取)(暖)(模)(式)(和)(替)(代)(能)(源)(两)(个)(方)(面)(。第)(一)(,取)(暖)(模)(式)(:北)(方)(城)(市)(以)(集)(中)(供)(暖)(为)(主)(,能)(源)(消)(耗)(的)(主)(要)(方)(式)(是)(“强)(制)(消)(费)(”煤)(炭)(能)(源)(;北)(方)(农)(村)(、南)(方)(城)(乡)(均)(以)(家)(庭)(自)(供)(暖)(方)(式)(为)(主)(,主)(要)(依)(靠)(煤)(、木)(炭)(和)(电)(力)(,其)(中)(电)(力)(主)(要)(还)(是)(间)(接)(依)(赖)(煤)(炭)(能)(源)(。虽)(然)(南)(方)(已)(有)(依)(靠)(天)(然)(气)(供)(暖)(的)(情)(况)(,但)(却)(面)(临)(因)(价)(格)(昂)(贵)(消)(费)(不)(起)(而)(难)(以)(推)(广)(的)(局)(面)(。第)(二)(,替)(代)(能)(源)(的)(困)(窘)(:以)(“生)(物)(柴)(油)(”为)(例)(。美)(国)(供)(暖)(采)(用)(的)(生)(物)(柴)(油)((Biodiesel)是)(由)(动)(植)(物)(油)(脂)((脂)(肪)(酸)(甘)(油)(三)(酯)()与)(醇)((甲)(醇)(或)(乙)(醇)()经)(酯)(交)(换)(反)(应)(得)(到)(的)(脂)(肪)(酸)(单)(烷)(基)(酯)(。然)(而)(,这)(种)(十)(分)(清)(洁)(的)(能)(源)(尽)(管)(在)(法)(律)(、政)(策)(等)(层)(面)(已)(开)(始)(得)(到)(有)(力)(保)(障)(,但)(目)(前)(在)(我)(国)(推)(行)(仍)(存)(在)(着)(突)(出)(的)(矛)(盾)(与)(困)(难)(。首)(先)(就)(是)(原)(材)(料)(很)(难)(满)(足)(需)(求)(。生)(物)(柴)(油)(的)(生)(产)(技)(术)(含)(量)(并)(不)(算)(高)(,我)(国)(早)(已)(能)(自)(主)(生)(产)(,原)(材)(料)(一)(般)(以)(地)(沟)(油)(、餐)(饮)(垃)(圾)(油)(、油)(料)(作)(物)((大)(豆)(、油)(菜)(籽)(等)()为)(主)(,但)(这)(样)(的)(原)(料)(在)(生)(物)(柴)(油)(的)(实)(际)(产)(业)(链)(供)(应)(中)(经)(常)(断)(裂)(,主)(要)(原)(因)(有)(三)(:一)(是)(我)(国)(目)(前)(对)(废)(弃)(的)(食)(用)(油)(尚)(无)(统)(一)(回)(收)(政)(策)(,供)(给)(方)(面)(经)(常)(产)(生)(恶)(意)(囤)(积)(地)(沟)(油)(等)(原)(材)(料)(的)(现)(象)(;二)(是)(养)(猪)(等)(行)(业)(对)(地)(沟)(油)(和)(餐)(饮)(垃)(圾)(油)(的)(需)(求)(竞)(争)(;三)(是)(地)(沟)(油)(经)(非)(法)(渠)(道)(转)(为)(食)(用)(油)(出)(售)(比)(卖)(给)(生)(物)(柴)(油)(生)(产)(厂)(家)(利)(润)(更)(高)(。除)(原)(材)(料)(很)(难)(满)(足)(要)(求)(以)(外)(,还)(有)(经)(济)(可)(行)(性)(问)(题)(:生)(物)(柴)(油)(这)(种)(具)(有)(很)(高)(正)(外)(部)(性)(的)(能)(源)(产)(品)(,无)(论)(使)(用)(物)(理)(法)(还)(是)(化)(学)(法)(都)(面)(临)(生)(产)(成)(本)(过)(高)(的)(问)(题)(,若)(无)(补)(贴)(地)(在)(市)(场)(中)(推)(行)(,完)(全)(没)(有)(价)(格)(优)(势)(。
当)(认)(识)(到)(雾)(霾)((大)(气)(污)(染)()、蓝)(藻)(事)(件)((水)(污)(染)()等)(现)(象)(时)(,需)(要)(抓)(住)(这)(个)(真)(实)(背)(景)(,作)(出)(通)(盘)(分)(析)(、深)(入)(探)(究)(,才)(能)(引)(出)(正)(确)(有)(效)(的)(方)(略)(与)(对)(策)(。返)(回)(搜)(狐)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(
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